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Quality of water of recreational-available water bodies and watercourses of the central federal district of Russia

Published in «Water: chemistry and ecology» № / 2019 , p. 68-73.
Heading:

 

Chekmareva E.A.

Summary:
The article presents the results of water quality assessment of water bodies and watercourses of the central federal district (CFD). CFD of the Russian Federation has a small territory (3,8 % of the area of the Russian Federation) with a high concentration of population (60,5 persons/km2) and low availability of water resources. In the central part of Russia there is a shortage of recreational-available water bodies and watercourses, the water quality is worse in places of high concentration of the population. Reservoirs, lakes, ponds and rivers of the city of Moscow, Moscow and Tver regions were chosen as objects of research.
It is established that in the studied water objects anthropogenic influence leads to an increase in the concentration of sulfates and chlorides, sodium and potassium, oil products and BOD5 of rather to the background contents. Recreational water use in the waters of closed reservoirs (lakes, ponds and quarries with water) can be hampered by: high turbidity, pH>8,5 (alkaline water), high concentrations of oil products. Natural and anthropogenic factors equally affect the formation of water quality in the rivers of the Central Federal District on indicators such as nitrates, total iron, COD. The article provides a list of water bodies of the Central Federal District with a satisfactory water quality that is safe for recreational water use.

Keywords: Central Federal District, chemical analysis, microbiology, recreation, water bodies, water quality

Bibliographic link:
Chekmareva E.A. Quality of water of recreational-available water bodies and watercourses of the central federal district of Russia // Water: chemistry and ecology. — 2019. — № . — c. 68-73. — http://watchemec.ru/en/article/29787/

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