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  • Russian Press: 44722

Pigment characteristics of algocenosis as ecological status indicators of small rivers flow through urbanized territories (the case of the rivers of Perm city)

Published in «Water: chemistry and ecology» № 9 / 2017 , p. 20-27.
Heading:

 

Kadochnikova P.I.
Belyaeva P.G.

Summary:
Results of the research of photosynthetic pigments in the periphytic and planktonic algocenosis of 6 small rivers flow the Perm city territory were reviewed in the article for the first time. The research were conducted in the years (2014 and 2016) had variability of water and temperature regime. Variability of plant pigments concentration depending on year season and biotopical aspects of the samples collection places was described (0,4–396 mg∙m-2 – in the phytoperiphyton; 0,3–207 mcg∙l-1 – in the phytoplankton). Cl-a dominates in the green-pigments fund (77±2 % – in the periphyton and 63±5 % – in the plankton); abundance of auxiliary chlorophyll pigments is significantly below. Concentration of the plant carotinoid pigments is lower than the concentration of Cl-a in 63% of cases. Concentration of the feo-pigments in the periphyton of the studied rivers was low (10–21 % of the amount of Cl-a), for the most polluted rivers – Danilikha river and Yegoshikha river – 44–51 %; in the phytoplankton – 10–40 %. Seasonal variations of Cl-a concentration in the periphyton of the small rivers have one expressed peak depending on local environmental factors; concentration of auxiliary chlorophyll pigments and carotinoid pigments repeats the course of Cl-a seasonal variations. In the phytoplankton the indicators don’t have expressed seasonal dynamics. Values of the Pigment index Е480/Е664 and the proportion of carotinoid pigments/Cl-a in the Danilikha river and Yegoshikha river algocenosis are indicates an unfavorable physiological state of the rivers. In the base of quantity and proportion of the photosynthetic pigments was shown that the characteristics reflects the pollution degree. Trophic status of the rivers flow the Perm city territory by average and the most frequent Cl-a concentrations is estimated from mesotrophic to the hypereutrophic.

Keywords: chlorophyll a, ecological status, periphyton, phytoplankton, pigments, small rivers, trophic status

Bibliographic link:
Kadochnikova P.I., Belyaeva P.G. Pigment characteristics of algocenosis as ecological status indicators of small rivers flow through urbanized territories (the case of the rivers of Perm city) // Water: chemistry and ecology. — 2017. — № 9. — c. 20-27. — http://watchemec.ru/en/article/28661/

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