scientific journal
  • ISSN 2072-8158
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  • Урал-Пресс: 012688

Journal «Water: chemistry and ecology» № 11 (65) за November 2013 г.</H3>

Journal «Water: chemistry and ecology»


№ 11 (65) за November 2013 г.

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Contents:

p. 119-122 /

Vechkanova O.A.

Аqua Control Pack is modern response to water resource problems

The article reviews complex solutions system of automatization and optimization of water raise, purification, transportation, distribution and disposal. The system is named Aqua Control Pack. The goal of its formation was the need for water process optimization and association of affected equipment in integral automatized complexes.

Keywords: Aqua Control Pack, Mitsubishi Electric, optimization, water industry


p. 114-118 /

Myazina N.G.

Increasing importance of springs as ecologically clean water sources for drinking and mineral purposes in the Volgograd region

Main regularities of spring formation and distribution in the Volgograd region are reviewed. Basic geo-chemical and genetic types of springs and their genesis are characterized. Chemical composition is given and applicability for drinking and balneological purposes is presented.


Keywords: chemical composition, fresh water, mineral water, mineralization, spring


p. 3-9 /

Zubarev V.A.
Kogan R.M.

Changes of ecological status of small rivers of the Middle Amur Lowland under drainage reclamation conditions

Influence of drainage reclamation on processes of accumulation, heavy metal and organic migration in surface water was studied using as examples small rivers of the Middle Amur Lowland. It is shown that the processes are under the action of drainage and surface runoffs, growth of concentration of suspended and organic components especially fulvic acids which may increase geochemical mobility and loss of stream speed. Total effect of factors associated with drainage reclamation make quality of surface water by an order of magnitude less.

Keywords: drainage reclamation, heavy metals, Middle Amur Lowland, organic carbon, small river


p. 46-53 /

Gorohova O.G.

Characteristics of trophic status of small reservoirs in the Middle Volga biosphere reserve using phytoplankton

The estimation of trophic conditions in small reservoirs located in the protected territories of the Samara region using biomass phytoplankton is given. The parameters of the phytoplankton including season biomass dynamics and taxa of algae dominant groups are characterized.

Keywords: phytoplankton, small reservoirs, trophic status


p. 54-60 /

Bazarova B.B.

Chemical element contents in Charaphyta of the Kenon Lake (the Transbaikal region)

Analysis results of 16 metal contents in Charaphyta of the Kenon Lake of the Transbaikal region are reviewed. It is shown that the algae are calcium-concentrators. It is found that macro-element metals (Ca, K and Mg) and Sr which is bioanalogue of Ca have minimal variation of their content.


Keywords: Charaphyta, Kenon Lake, metals


p. 61-70 /

Muhortova O.V,

Zooplankton of some rivers (the Samara, the Bolshoi Kinel, the Bolshoi Cheremshan and the Usa) of the Middle and Lower Volga

Zooplankton species composition of some rivers of the Samara region: the Samara, the Bolshoi Kinel, the Bolshoi Cheremshan and the Usa is detected. Hydrobiont trophic structure and quantitative data for each river are presented and role of invading species is shown. Basing on trophic status the rivers were classified to mesotrophic (III class) - hypertrophic (VI class) types and it characterizes their water as moderately - heavily polluted.



Keywords: abundance, biomass, production, zooplankton


p. 81-87 /

Krasnova T.A.
Amelin V.G.

Identification and detection of antibiotics in drinking water using mass spectrometry with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization

New rapid procedures of identification of 30 residues of antibiotics in drinking water by mass spectrometry with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MS MALDI) is developed. The nanosurface of standard substrates produced by Bruker Daltonic firm («Nanosys MSP 96») was used as matrixes. Acetonitrile was used to extract antibiotics from water. Detection limits were 1–3 ng/L. Relative standard deviation of the analysis results did not exceed 0.09. Duration of the analysis is 20–30 min.



Keywords: antibiotics, MS MALDI, water


p. 93-97 /

Elipasheva E.V.
Sergeev G.M.
Nayanova E.V.
Ignatov

Ionic composition of bottled mineral water of the Caucasus region: environmental monitoring

Results of long-term observations of contents of many ions which are matrix components and data of analytical control of biogenic and toxic element forms in popular bottled mineral water of the Caucasus region are systematized. Influence of anthropogenic factors and workload of water sources on quality of bottled natural water is estimated.

Keywords: bottled mineral water of the Caucasus region, environmental monitoring, ionic composition


p. 98-100 /

Sulejmanov R.A,
Valeev T.K.
Egorova N.N.

Ecological-hygienic estimation of oil development as source of underground water pollution

Estimation and peculiarities detection of underground water pollution in the territories of oil development of the Republic of Bashkortostan were carried out and hygienic recommendations for environmentally-safe water use were proposed. Drinking water quality was estimated and main factors leading to underground water pollution near oil development were characterized. Complex of hygienic recommendations and management decisions for water-use improving were proposed for territories with high oil development.

Keywords: pollution, territories of oil development, underground water


p. 102-107 /

Fashutdinova Z.T.
Shajhiev I.G,
Abdullin I.Sh.

Influence of parameters of plasma treatment on effectiveness of oil removal from water surface by waste of felt production

Sorption properties of felt production waste for removal of industrial oil I-20A were studied. It was shown that treatment of the waste by radio-frequency plasma with reduced pressure increases oil-adsorption and hydrophobic properties of the waste. It was found that plasma treatment does not change biopolymer structure of wool keratin and cellulose-components but modifies their surface structure.

Keywords: industrial oil, modification by plasma, oil-adsorption, waste of felt production


p. 108-113 /

Samedov Sh.G.
Ibragimova T.I.

Geo-ecological problems of natural water of the South Dagestan (the Samur River) and their solutions

Geo-ecological problems of natural water pollution in the basin of the Samur River, reasons of its origin and possibilities for geo-ecological improving are reviewed.


Keywords: alluvial sediments, basin of the Samur River, carcinogens, deposit, mineralization, minerals, natural water, technogenic factor, water exchange


p. 10-15 /

Kazachenok N.N.
Popova I.Ya.
Melnikov V.S.
Polyanchikova G.V.
Tihova Yu.P.
Konovalov K.G.
Kopelov A.I.

Contents of 3Н, 90Sr, 137Cs, 239,240Pu in the Techa River system

Study results on radioactive pollution of headstream of the Techa River, its affluents and bypass canals are shown. Water of the Techa River in headstream (from the Asanov Bridge to the Muslyumovo town) is the most polluted. In water of this territory specific activity (Bq/L) of 90Sr is 17.1±2.2, 137Cs – 1.0±0.4, 3Н – 240±33, 239.240Pu – 0.019±0.02. The main source of 137Cs pollution is effluent water of the V-11 reservoir dam and an alluvial soil. The 90Sr source is canal of the Berdenish Lake and effluent water from the V-11. It was shown that in bottom-land of the Techa River a soil of the Asanov bog is the most polluted. In the water activity (Bq/L ) of 137Cs is up to 1.6×106, 90Sr – up to 5.5×104, 239,240Pu – up to 2.4×103. In bottom sediments and permanently moistened soils 90Sr migrates deeply and accumulates in different layers. In bog soil 137Cs and 239,240Pu mainly present in upper 20-40 cm and in soddy soil – in surface layer.

Keywords: 240, caesium137, plutonium239, strontium90, Techa River, tritium


p. 16-20 /

Belkina N.A.
Panyushkina O.V.

Petroleum hydrocarbons in reservoirs of the White Sea – Baltic Sea Canal

Petroleum hydrocarbons in water and sediments of the White Sea–Baltic Sea Canal reservoirs were studied in the summer periods of 2007-2009. The ecological assessment of pollution of the reservoirs is presented. It is shown that the concentration of petroleum hydrocarbons in water (up to 0.25 mg/L) exceeds value of maximum allowable concentration. Their contents in the sediments (up to 4490 µg/g) exceed background values. Burial heavy fractions of oil in bottom sediments are dangerous source of secondary pollution.

Keywords: pollution by petroleum hydrocarbons, sediments, surface water


p. 22-27 /

Zaharchuk L.M.
Tatarinova N.Yu.

Sanitary-bacteriological monitoring of water quality of the White Sea biological center of the MSU during period of maximum anthropogenic impact

Data of long-term sanitary-bacteriological monitoring of fresh and sea water in the territory of the White Sea biological center (BC) of the MSU during period of maximum anthropogenic impact are given. It was shown that water quality of the BC answers to specifications and self-purification of man-polluted sea water occurs within the BC water area.


Keywords: anthropogenic impact, coliform bacteria, sanitary-bacteriological monitoring, water quality


p. 28-34 /

Petrov A.M.
Habibullin R.E.

Research and optimization of combined treatment technology for waste water formed by milk processing factory

Treatment process of waste water formed by milk processing factory was studied. Efficiency of anaerobic stage was increased by growth of organic load and decreased by speed growth. Spatial division of treatment phases raised efficiency of organic matter destruction. An algorithm of optimization of the waste water treatment was developed using correlation analysis. Obtained calculations showed that it is possible to optimize the process and to decrease treatment time and bioreactor volume.

Keywords: anaerobic-aerobic treatment, correlation analysis, optimization, phase separation, waste water


p. 35-40 /

Poddubniy S.A.

Protected shallows of the Upper Volga reservoirs and their ecological importance

Types of protected shallows of the Upper Volga reservoirs were detected and classification of the types was carried out. Morphometric data for shallows with normal pond level and under navigational and before-flood level evacuation were estimated

Keywords: ecosystem, morphometry, protected shallows, water level