всероссийский научно-практический журнал
  • ISSN 2072-8158
  • -
  • Роспечать: 48626
  • Пресса России: 44722

Роль фито-очистных сооружений в очистке сточных вод от токсичных металлов

Опубликовано в журнале «Вода: химия и экология» № 1-3 за 2018 год, стр. 101-112.
Рубрика: Научно-аналитические обзоры

 

Рыбка К.Ю. аспирант, ФГБУН Институт водных проблем Российской академии наук
Щеголькова Н.М. доктор биологических наук, ведущий научный сотрудник, ФГБУН Институт водных проблем Российской академии наук

Аннотация:
Работа представляет собой аналитический обзор по проблеме загрязнения сточных вод токсичными металлами и по очистке от них с помощью природных механизмов в фито-очистных системах (песчано-гравелистых фильтрах, засаженных высшей водной растительностью). В работе рассмотрены основные источники поступления в поверхностные воды и формы таких металлов как медь, никель, свинец, кадмий, хром цинк и ртуть; описаны основные химические, физические и биологические механизмы их удаления – осаждение и соосаждение, сорбция и ассимиляция в биомассу. Приведены конкретные примеры использования фито-очистных систем для очистки промышленных и бытовых стоков от тяжелых металлов. Анализ 36 систем в 11 странах мира показал, что ФОС способны очищать стоки от тяжелых металлов с эффективностью до 99%.

Ключевые слова: очистка сточных вод, тяжелые металлы, фито-очистные системы

Ссылка для цитирования:
Рыбка К.Ю., Щеголькова Н.М. Роль фито-очистных сооружений в очистке сточных вод от токсичных металлов // Вода: химия и экология. — 2018. — № 1-3. — c. 101-112. — http://watchemec.ru/article/28878/

Литература:
1. Cocoros G. Mercury concentrations in fish, plankton and water from three Western Atlantic estuaries / G. Cocoros, P.H. Cahn, W. Siler // Journal of Fish Biology. 1973. № 5. Pp. 641-647.
2. ГН 2.1.5.1315-03 «Предельно допустимые концентрации (ПДК) химических веществ в воде водных объектов хозяйственно-питьевого и культурно-бытового водопользования». М.: Типография «Нефтяник», 2003. 84 c.
3. Morel F.M. Principles and Applications of Aquatic Chemistry / F.M. Morel, J.G. Hering. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1993. 608 pp.
4. Xue H.B. Nickel speciation and complexation kinetics in freshwater by ligand exchange and DPCSV / H.B. Xue, S. Jansen, A. Prash, L. Sigg // Environmental Science and Technology. 2001. № 35(3). Pp. 539-546.
5. Plachy J. Cadmium // U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Yearbook / Reston, Virginia. 2003. Pp. 15.1-15.7.
6. Schroeder D.C. Potential transformations of chromium in natural waters / D.C. Schroeder, G.F. Lee // Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 1975. № 4(3-4). Pp. 355-365.
7. Щеголькова Н. Природный механизм с техническими элементами. Применение фито сооружений для очистки сточных вод в различных климатических зонах / Н. Щеголькова, К. Рыбка, В. Диас, Е. Криксунов // ВОДА MAGAZINE. 2014. Т.12, № 88. С. 12-18.
8. Щеголькова Н.М. Применение фитоочистных систем для очистки сточных вод в России / Н.М. Щеголькова, В. Диас, Е.А. Криксунов, К.Ю. Рыбка // Водоочистка, водоподготовка, водоснабжение. 2014. № 5. С. 20-31.
9. Щеголькова Н.М. Фито-системы для очистки сточных вод: современное решение экологических проблем / Н.М. Щеголькова, В. Диас, Е.А. Криксунов, К.Ю. Рыбка // Наилучшие доступные технологии водоснабжения и водоотведения. 2015. № 2. С. 46-55.
10. Göthberg A. Influence of nutrient levels on uptake effects of mercury, cadmium, and lead in water spinach / A. Göthberg, M. Greger, K. Holm, B.E. Bengtsson // Journal of Environmental Quality. 2004. № 33(4). Pp. 1247-1255.
11. Vymazal J. Algae and nutrient cycling in wetlands. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press/Lewis Publishers, 1995. 689 p.
12. Kadlec R.H. Treatment Wetlands. Second edition / R.H. Kadlec, S.D. Wallace. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press/Lewis Publishers, 2008. 1046 p.
13. Maine M.A. Cadmium uptake by floating macrophytes / M.A. Maine, M.V. Duarte, N. Suñe // Water Research. 2001. № 35(11). Pp. 2629-2634.
14. Ait Ali N. Tolerance and bioaccumulation of cadmium by Phragmites australis grown in the presence of elevated concentrations of cadmium, copper, and zinc / N. Ait Ali, M.P. Bernal, M. Ater // Aquatic Botany. 2004. № 80. Pp. 163-176.
15. Göthberg A. Influence of nutrient levels on uptake effects of mercury, cadmium, and lead in water spinach / A. Göthberg, M. Greger, K. Holm, B.E. Bengtsson // Journal of Environmental Quality. 2004. № 33(4). Pp. 1247-1255.
16. Hazen R.E. Biogeochemical cycling of cadmium in a marsh ecosystem / R.E. Hazen, T.J. Kneip // Cadmium in the Environment. Part I: Ecological cycling / Nriagu J.O. (ed.). New York, Wiley Interscience. 1980. Pp. 399-424.
17. Kadlec R.H. Wetland Treatment of Oil and Gas Well Wastewaters, Final Report / R.H. Kadlec, K. Srinivasan // Bartlesville, Oklahoma: U.S. Department of Energy, 1995. 55 p.
18. Pascucci P.R. Metal distributions in complexes with Chlorella vulgaris in seawater and wastewater / P.R. Pascucci, A.D. Kowalak // Water Environment Research. 1999. № 71(6). Pp. 1165-1170.
19. DeBusk T.A. Retention and compartmentalization of lead and cadmium in wetland microcosms / T.A. DeBusk, R.B. Laughlin, L.N. Schwartz // Water Research. 1996. № 30(11). Pp. 2707-2716.
20. Maine M.A. Chromium bioaccumulation: Comparison of the capacity of two floating aquatic macrophytes / M.A. Maine, N. Suñe, S.C. Lagger // Water Research. 2004. № 38(6) Pp. 1494-1501.
21. Nriagu J.O. Chromium in the natural and human environments / Nriagu J.O., Nieboer E. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1988. 571 p.
22. McCabe O.M. Metal tolerance in wetland plants? / O.M. McCabe, J.L. Baldwin, M.L. Otte // Minerva Biotechnologica. 2001. № 13(2). Pp. 141-149.
23. Manios T. Removal of heavy metals from a metaliferous water solution by Typha latifolia plants and sewage sludge compost / T. Manios, E.I. Stentiford, P. Millner / Chemosphere. 2003. № 53(5). Pp. 487-494.
24. Vymazal J. Heavy metals budget for constructed wetland treatment municipal sewage / J. Vymazal, P. Krása // Natural and Constructed Wetlands - Nutrients, Metals, and Management. Vymazal J. (ed.). Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 2005. Pp. 135-142.
25. Remacle J. Cadmium removal by a strain of Alcaligenes denitricans isolated from a metal-polluted pond / J. Remacle, L. Muguruza, M. Fransolet // Water Research. 1992. № 26(7). Pp. 923-926.
26. Hansel C.M. Ecosystem dynamics of zinc and manganese within a mine-waste impacted wetland / C.M. Hansel, M.J. La Force, S. Sutton, S. Fendorf // Water-Rock Interactions, Ore Deposits and Environmental Geochemistry: A Tribute to David A. Crerar. Special Publication No. 7. Hellman R., Wood S.A. (eds.). The Geochemical Society, 2002. №7. Pp. 441-454.
27. Roberts D.R. Kinetics and mechanisms of Zn complexation on metal oxides using EXAFS spectroscopy / D.R. Roberts, R.G. Ford, D.L. Sparks // Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2003. № 263. Pp. 364-376.
28. Веницианов Е.В. Физико-химические основы моделирования миграции и трансформации тяжелых металлов в природных водах / Е.В. Веницианов, А.П. Лепихин // Науч. ред.: В.А. Черешнев, А.М. Черняев, А.Н. Попов; ФГУП КамНИИВХ. Екатеринбург: Изд-во РосНИИВХ, 2002. 236 с.
29. Tichang Sun. The effect of cadmium on the transformation of ferrihydrite into crystalline products at pH 8 / Tichang Sun, C. R. Paige, W. J. // Water, Air, and Soil Pollution.1996. № 91(3-4). Pp. 307-325.
30. Brown P. Determination of the optimal peat type to potentially capture copper and cadmium from solution / P. Brown, S. Gill, S.J. Allen // Water Environment Research. 2001. № 73(3). Pp. 351-362.
31. Chen B. Film-pore diffusion modeling for the sorption of metal ions from aqueous effluents onto peat / B. Chen, C.W. Hui, G. MacKay // Water Research. 2001. № 35(14). Pp. 3345-3356.
32. Ho Y.S. The sorption of Lead(II) ions on peat. / Y.S. Ho, G. McKay // Water Research. 1999. № 33(2). Pp. 578-584.
33. Fine P. Practical and mechanistic aspects of the removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions using peat / P. Fine, A. Scagnossi, Y. Chen, U. Mingelgrin // Environmental Pollution. 2005. № 138(2). Pp. 358-367.
34. Koelmans A.A. Prediction of trace metal distribution coefficients (KD) for aerobic sediments / A.A. Koelmans, H. Radovanovic // Water Science and Technology. 1998. № 37(6-7). Pp. 71-78.
35. Azizian M.F. Hexavalent chromium adsorption and reduction in natural soils / M.F. Azizian, P.O. Nelson // 65th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference. New Orleans, Louisiana, 1992. Pp. 241-248.
36. Sharma D.C. Removal of hexavalent chromium using sphagnum peat moss / D.C. Sharma, C.F. Forster // Water Research. 1993. № 27(7). Pp. 1201-1208.
37. Miretsky P. Simultaneous heavy metal removal mechanism by dead macrophytes / P. Miretsky, A. Saralegui, A.F. Cirelli // Chemosphere. 2006. № 62(2). Pp. 247-254.
38. Nolte and Associates. Sacramento Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant Demonstration Wetlands Project: Five Year Summary Report 1994-1998 // Report to Sacramento Regional County Sanitation District. Nolte and Associates, 1998. 311 pp.
39. Lan C. Purification of wastewater from a Pb/Zn mine using hydrophytes / C. Lan, G. Chen, L. Li, M.H. Wong // Constructed Wetlands in Water Pollution Control. Cooper P.F., Findlater B.C. (eds.). Oxford, United Kingdom: Pergamon Press,1990. Pp. 419-428.
40. Eger P. Trace metal uptake by peat interaction of a white cedar bog and mining stockpile leachate. / P. Eger, K. Lapakko, P. Otterson // Proceedings of the 6th National Peat Congress: Duluth, Minnesota. 1980. Pp. 542-547.
41. O’Sullivan A.D. Accumulation and fate of contaminants (Zn, Pb, Fe, and S) in substrates of wetlands constructed for treating mine wastewater / A.D. O’Sullivan, B.M. Moran, M.L. Otte // Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 2004. № 157. Pp. 345-364.
42. Папина Т.С. Транспорт и особенности распределения тяжелых металлов в ряду: вода - взвешенное вещество - донные отложения речных экосистем. // Аналитический обзор. Новосибирск.: Изд-во НГУ. 2001. 57 с.
43. Eary L.E. Kinetics of chromium(III) oxidation to chromium(IV) by reaction with manganese dioxide. / L.E. Eary, D. Ral // Environmental Science and Technology. 1987. № 21. Pp. 1187-1193.
44. Lytle C.M. Reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) by wetland plants: Potential for in situ heavy metal detoxication / C.M. Lytle, F.W. Lytle, N. Yang, J.-H. Qian, D. Hansen, A. Zayed, N. Terry // Environmental Science and Technology. 1998. № 32(20). Pp. 3087-3093.
45. DeLaune R. The redox-pH chemistry of chromium in water and sediment / R. DeLaune, W.H. Jr. Patrick, T. Guo // Metals in Surface Waters, Allen H.E., Garrison A.W., Luther G.W. (eds.). Chelsea, Michigan: Sleeping Bear Press Inc., 1998. Pp. 241-255.
46. Eger P. Using passive treatment systems for mine closure: a good approach or a risky alternative? / P. Eger, G. Melchert, J. Wagner // Minerals Engineering. 2000. № 52(9). Pp. 78-83.
47. Eger P. Wetland treatment systems: How long will they work? / P. Eger, J. Wagner // Mining and the Environment III. Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. 2003. 14 pp.
48. Dombeck G.D. Mass balance on water column trace metals in a free surface ow constructed wetland in Sacramento, California / G.D. Dombeck, M.W. Perry, J.T. Phinney // Ecological Engineering. 1998. № 10(4). Pp. 313-339.
49. Brodie G.A. (1988) Constructed wetlands for acid drainage control in the Tennessee Valley / G.A. Brodie, D.A. Hammer, D.A. Tomljanovich // Zelanzy J., Feierabend J.S. (eds.) Proceedings of Increasing Our Wetland Resources Conference, 4-7 October 1987, National Wildlife Federation Corporate Conservation Council, Washington D.C. Pp. 173-180.
50. Ye Z.H. Trace element removal from coal ash leachate by a 10-year-old constructed wetland / Z.H. Ye, S.N. Whiting, J.-H. Qian, C.M. Lytle, Z.-Q. Lin, N. Terry // Journal of Environmental Quality. 2001. № 30(5). Pp. 1710-1719.
51. Maine M.A. Nutrient and metal removal in a constructed wetland for wastewater treatment from a metallurgic industry / M.A. Maine, N. Suñe, H. Hadad, G. Sánchez, C. Bonetto // Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control. France, 2004. Pp. 597=604.
52. Haffner W.M. // Palmerton Zinc Superfund Site Constructed Wetlands, Final Report Phase II // Report to Zinc Corporation of America, Palmerton, Pennsylvania. 1992. Pp. 260-267.
53. King J.K. Mercury Removal, Methylmercury Formation, and Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria Profiles in Wetland Mesocosms Containing Gypsum-Amended Sediments and Scirpus californicus / J.K. King, J.B. Gladden, S.M. Harmon, T.T. Fu // Chemosphere. 2002. № 46(6). Pp. 859-870.
54. Nelson E.A. Constructed Wetlands for Removal of Heavy Metals from NPDES Outfall Effluent / E.A. Nelson, W.L. Specht, J.A. Bowers, J.B. Gladden // Report WSRC-MS-2002-00600, Westinghouse Savannah River Company: Aiken, South Carolina. 2002. https://sti.srs.gov/fullltext/ms2002600/ms2002600.html
55. Fink L.E. Mercury mass budget studies in the ENR Project (1994-1997) / L.E. Fink, C.J. Miles // Everglades Interim Report, Chapter 7, South Florida Water Management District, West Palm Beach, Florida. 1999. 72 pp.
56. Eger P. Wetland treatment for trace metal removal from mine drainage: The importance of aerobic and anaerobic processes // Water Science and Technology. 1994. № 4. Pp. 249-256.
57. Noller B.N. Case studies of wetland filtration of mine wastewater in constructed and naturally occurring systems in Northern Australia / B.N. Noller, P.H. Woods, B.J. Ross // Water Science and Technology. 1994. № 29(4). Pp. 257-265.
58. Bishay F. Wetland treatment at Musselwhite Mine / F. Bishay, R.H. Kadlec // Natural and Constructed Wetlands: Nutrients, Metals, and Management. Vymazal J. (ed.). Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers. 2005. Pp. 176-198.
59. Eckhardt D.A.V. A constructed wetland system for treatment of landfill leachate / D.A.V. Eckhardt, J.M. Surface, J.H. Peverly // Constructed Wetlands for the Treatment of Landfill Leachates. Mulamoottil G., McBean E., Rovers F.A. (eds.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 1999. Pp. 202-222.
60. Higgins N.M.P. The performance of a constructed wetland for treating runoff from a highway in Ireland / N.M.P. Higgins, P.J. Johnston, L.W. Gill // Dias V., Vymazal J. (eds.) Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control. 2006. Lisbon, Portugal. Pp. 1821-1831.
61. Vymazal J. Distribution of Mn, Al, Cu, and Zn in a constructed wetland receiving municipal sewage. / J. Vymazal, P. Krása // Water Science and Technology. 2003. № 48(5). Pp. 299-305.
62. Maine M.A. Removal efficiency in a constructed wetland for wastewater treatment from a tool factory / M.A. Maine, H. Hadad, G. Sánchez, S. Caffaratti, C. Bonetto // Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control. 2006. Lisbon, Portugal. Pp. 1753-1761.
63. Jin G. Preliminary evaluation of metals removal in three pilot-scale constructed wetland systems / G. Jin, T. Kelley, N. Vargas, M. Callahan // Management of Environmental Quality. 2003. № 14(3). Pp. 323-332.
64. Sinicrope T.L. Metal removal by wetlands mesocosms subjected to different hydroperiods / T.L. Sinicrope, R. Langis, R.M. Gersberg, M.J. Busanardo, J.B. Zelder // Ecological Engineering. 1992. № 1(4). Pp. 309-322.
65. McCann K. Greenwood Urban Wetland Treatment Effectiveness / K. McCann, K. Olson // Final report to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Tallahassee, Florida. 1994. 40 pp.
66. Vymazal J. Distribution of iron, cadmium, nickel, and lead in a constructed wetland receiving municipal sewage // Wetlands - Nutrients, Metals, and Cycling. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers. 2003. Pp. 341-363.
67. Jindahl R. Cadmium removal from wastewater in constructed wetlands / R. Jindahl, N. Samorkhom // Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management. 2005. № 9(3). Pp. 173-178.
68. Hendrey G.R. Lowland recharge project operations, physical, chemical, and biological changes 1975-1978 / G.R. Hendrey, J. Clinton, K. Blumer, K. Lewin. Final report to the Town of Brookhaven. Brookhaven National Laboratory, NY, 1979. 54 pp.
69. Carr D.W. Integrating a native herbaceous wetland into stormwater management / D.W. Carr, B.T. Rushton // Report by the Southwest Florida Water Management District. Florida: Boca Raton, 1995. 131 p.
70. Ranieri E. Chromium and nickel removal in lab and pilot scale CW plants under different clogging conditions // Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control. France, 2004. Pp. 587-594.
71. Litchfeld D.K. Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment at Amoco Oil Company’s Mandan, North Dakota Refnery // Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement. Moshiri G.A. (ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 1993. Pp. 485-490.
72. Wass, Gerke and Associates. Heavy-Metal Investigation of the Tres Rios Demonstration Constructed Treatment Wetlands, Report to the City of Phoenix. Arizona. U.S. Amy Corps of Engineers. 2002. 579 p.
73. Mæhlum T. Removal efficiency of three cold-climate constructed wetlands treating domestic wastewater: Effects of temperature, seasons, loading rates and input concentrations / T. Mæhlum, P. Stålnacke // Water Science and Technology. 1999. №40(3). Pp. 273-281.
74. Higgins N.M.P. The performance of a constructed wetland for treating runoff from a highway in Ireland / N.M.P. Higgins, P.J. Johnston, L.W. Gill // Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control. Portugal, 2006. Pp. 1821-1831.
75. Chague-Goff C. Assessing the removal efficiency of Zn, Cu, Fe, and Pb in a treatment wetland using sequential chemical extraction // Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 2005. №160 (1-4). Pp. 161-179.