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Применение алюмосиликатов при обезвреживании воды от токсичных ионов

Опубликовано в журнале «Вода: химия и экология» № 04 за 2016 год, стр. 22-31.
Рубрика: Научно-аналитические обзоры

 

Филатова Е.Г. кандидат технических наук, доцент, докторант кафедры химии и пищевой технологии им. Тутуриной, ФГБОУ ВПО Иркутский государственный технический университет
Пожидаев Ю.Н. доктор химических наук, профессор кафедры технологии продуктов питания и химии, ФГБОУ ВПО Иркутский государственный технический университет
Помазкина О.И. аспирант кафедры технологии продуктов питания и химии, ФГБОУ ВПО Иркутский государственный технический университет

Аннотация:
Представлен обзор известных результатов исследований по практическому применению алюмосиликатов (цеолитов) при обезвреживании воды от токсичных ионов. Приведены сведения по обезвреживанию указанных загрязнений природными, модифицированными и синтетическими алюмосиликатами. Как оказалось, природные цеолиты являются доступными и эффективными адсорбентами для вышеуказанных целей. При этом эффективность удаления отдельных токсичных ионов достигает в отдельных случаях 90 % и более. Модифицирование алюмосиликатов признано одним из перспективных способов значительного увеличения их сорбционной емкости. Синтез новых цеолитов способствует получению адсорбентов с уже заданными строением и свойствами. Как свидетельствуют литературные данные, сорбционные характеристики синтетических алюмосиликатов во много раз превосходят их природные аналоги.

Ключевые слова: адсорбция токсичных ионов, модифицированные и синтетические алюмосиликаты, природные алюмосиликаты

Ссылка для цитирования:
Филатова Е.Г., Пожидаев Ю.Н. , Помазкина О.И. Применение алюмосиликатов при обезвреживании воды от токсичных ионов // Вода: химия и экология. — 2016. — № 04. — c. 22-31. — http://watchemec.ru/article/27917/

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